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Friday, 27 April 2012

10 Soal Toefl (Reading)

Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821 and emigrated to New York City when she was ten years old. One days she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters seeking admission to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelpia. So determined was she that she taught school and gave music lessons to earn money for her tuition.

In 1848, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon, but a serious eye infection forced her to abandon the idea.

Upon returing to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a women. By 1857, Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another female doctor, manage to open a new hospital, the first for women and childern. Besides being the first female physician in the United States and founding her own hospital, she also established the first medical school for woman.

1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon ?
a. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school.
b. She decided to further her education in Paris.
c. A serious eye infection halted her quest.
d. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States.

2. How many years elapsed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital ?
a. 8
b. 10
c. 19
d. 36

3. All of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell EXCEPT ?
a. She became the first female physician in the United States.
b. She was the first woman surgeon in the United States.
c. She and several other woman founded the first hospital for women and childern.
d. She established the first medical school for woman.

4. What main obstacle almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming a doctor ?
a. She was a women.
b. She wrote too many letters.
c. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.
d. She couldn’t establish her hospital.

5. How many was Elizabeth Blackwell when she graduated from medical school ?
a. 10
b. 21
c. 28
d. 36 

6. The word “abandon” in line 8 is closest in meaning to ?
a. Undertaker
b. Give up
c. Continue
d. Look into

7. What is the main idea of this passage ?
a. Elizabeth Blackwell overcome serious obstacles to become the first woman doctor in the United States.
b. Elizabeth Blackwell had to abandon her plans to become a doctor because of an eye infection.
c. Elizabeth Blackwell even taught music to pay for her medical studies.
d. Elizabeth Blackwell founded the first medical school for woman.

8. The word “founding” in line 12 means most nearly the same as ?
a. Location
b. Looking for
c. Establishing
d. Buying

9. Why was it nearly impossible for Elizabeth Blackwell to get into medical school ?
a. She had a serious eye infection.
b. She had little or no money pay tuition.
c. She wanted to be part of a profession that no woman had ever enterd before.
d. Her family didn’t want her to be a doctor. 

10. The reason Elizabeth Blackwell couldn’t become a surgeon is explained in lines ?
a. 1 - 5
b. 7 - 8
c. 9 - 10
d. 11 - 13